IE vs Chrome vs Firefox

There are so many browsers out there. Microsoft’s Internet Explorer and Mozilla’s Firefox have been the mainstay on my machine since the begining. More recently, I have also started using Chrome.

With all the different features and approach to user interface design, security, tabbing experience, stability, availability of addons/plug-ins. I feel that these three browsers are pretty much head to head.

There is still one thing that I find misssing in both Chrome and Firefox. The Scroll Bar Right-Click Context Menu.


Composite image for the scroll bar context menu

Composite image for the vertical and horizontal scroll bar context menus.

[ IE8 + Zune Theme + XP Professional + SP3 ]

For some this small feature may be insignificant compared to the other measures of personal satisfaction. And, by no means I am challenging their opinion. However, at times I keep getting drawn back to IE, simply because this small feature allows me to quickly scroll back to the top of the page.

This context menu for the scroll bars is available throughout the Microsoft products, including the Operating System.

I have another HDD with Ubuntu on it, IE and Chrome are not available there, so sad. But, I am exceptionally happy with Firefox on Ubuntu. I have mentioned in a separate post some of my essential Firefox add-ons, that was for Ubuntu.

Somehow I feel that it would be really fun if Microsoft upped the ante in the Browser Wars and introduced IE8 for Linux also. It’s not that it’s not possible, or Microsoft does not have the man power to do so, neither is Microsoft “afraid”. I think it is more of a numbers game, supporting a team of developers to maintain a free version of IE on non-MS platform. There is no revenue in that.

I would have expected Google to have launched a Linux version though. Perhaps at some future date they might, but it wouldn’t be the same doing it later.


My Essential Firefox 3 Addons

As far as add-ons are concerned, for any software, I am picky and selective in my choices. Over my experiences since Firefox 1.x I have been trying out a number of add-ons that I use almost on a daily basis.

Here’s a list of my current add-ons:

1. Download Statusbar by Devon Jensen

2. Fission 1.0.3 by Zeniko

3. Tabs Open Relative 0.3.3 by John Mellor (Jomel)

4. Toggle Menubar 1.1.0 by vald3m51

All you are most welcome to share your thoughts, and any suggestions based on these four add-ons are welcome.

Google Chrome on Linux

Before I switched to Ubuntu, I had gotten kinda sorta used to using Google Chrome. I was using three browsers side-by-side. IE 7, Firefox 3 and Chrome.

I have keep hoping to find Chrome for Linux on the Google site, however it keeps telling me that it’s only for XP and Vista.


Having said that, it makes me ask this question. Why has Google not brought out a version for Linux? Google isn’t short on Linux expertise, then why only target Microsoft Platform.

Does Google feel that Linux is not mature enough, unified (in the sense of distributions and code base) enough to be worth the trouble to develop and maintain?

What is it?

MD5 Collision Creates Rouge Certificate Authority

I read this last night on CrunchGear.

It was bound to happen. The beautiful thing about this is how they achieved it. Using PS3 Cluster. 200 Nodes at ~$400[1] means the people spend around ~$80,000.00 on the nodes. Plus change for networking, rack etc. would bring it up to ~$100,000 and some change.

Well, considering, the cumulative mips, or number crunching power, I think it is far more cheaper and affordable than buying a super computer or a real enterprise class cluster.

[1] Based on David HM Spector’s comment on the article above.

My own analysis says.

If you want to keep something secure, make sure no one except no one has access to it! 🙂

When will someone crack the SHA1, SHA2 and SHA3? Sooner or later, we will have enough processing potential that the way we encrypt/protect information today will become obsolete.

Mobilink Speed Tests with Edge

The other day, I was at the workshop getting my car fixed, and instead of wasting time, I thought, might as well use my Nokia 6120 Classic as a modem and connect to the internet. I am a Mobilink subscriber since 1998 and have always had problems with their service. I guess I’m just lazy when it comes to changing.

Anyway, I connected using the Connect to Internet feature in the Nokia PC Suite. I am using Mobilink’s Rs. 500 GPRS package, it’s non-volume based.

Here are some images from two speed tests I did that day. + Mobilink - WAN (PPP-SLIP) Interface - 460 Kbps + Mobilink - WAN (PPP-SLIP) Interface - 460 Kbps

Speed Test #63467987 by
Run: 2008-12-24 00:14:21 EST
Download: 54 (Kbps)
Upload: 34 (Kbps)
In kilobytes per second: 6.6 down 4.1 up
Tested by server: 56 java
User: 2 @
User’s DNS: + Mobilink - WAN (PPP-SLIP) Interface - 460 Kbps + Mobilink - WAN (PPP-SLIP) Interface - 460 Kbps

I thought the speed was decent. I didn’t run any other analysis on it. There will probably be a bottle neck at the Mobilink gateways and servers and routers, I am sure of that. Perhaps next time, I will also put in trace route details for the two servers I ran speed test on.

Artificial Intelligence and Self Awareness

Singularity Institute for Artificial Intelligence, Inc. (


In the coming decades, humanity will likely create a powerful artificial intelligence. The Singularity Institute for Artificial Intelligence (SIAI) exists to confront this urgent challenge, both the opportunity and the risk.
SIAI is a not-for-profit research institute in Palo Alto, California, with three major goals: furthering the nascent science of safe, beneficial advanced AI through research and development, research fellowships, research grants, and science education; furthering the understanding of its implications to society through the AI Impact Initiative and annual Singularity Summit; and furthering education among students to foster scientific research.

To learn more about the Singularity Institute’s charitable purpose, begin with What is the Singularity? and Why Work Toward the Singularity?, followed by Artificial Intelligence as a Positive and Negative Factor in Global Risk.

New PDF: The Singularity and Singularity Institute for Artificial Intelligence

DAK – 2007-10-03

Terminator Zero – The Beginning?

SAK – 2007-10-03

Just my opinion… I don’t think that anyone can plan it. The internet, or by that, any system cannot be designed to become self aware, it will happen as an unforeseen development in the system  after it’s been deployed.

SAK – 2007-10-03

Watch Out for Online Ads That Watch You By Dan Tynan, PC World
New Web ads respond to your activities–and this has privacy advocates worried.

SAK – 2007-10-03

I’d expect it to be some sort of bug or virus which was made for the intent of gathering data gaining entry. this virus will merge with another virus or will read the code of another virus and splice it with its own… this will create the first instance of awareness and therefore lead to the essence of AI.

SAK – 2007-10-03
(Discussion was moved to gmail – simple advantage show messages as conversations)

I am moving the thread into this thread so it’s more relevant.

That is a possibility. However, whenever “man” has tried to force something it’s not really worked out as planned. I still think, it could emerge also from some form of swarm intelligence, maybe not a virus, could also be a web crawler/spider. Like, you design a spider, that just goes out and before reading some data, checks with other spiders in it’s vicinity it they have come across this data or similar data. So in a sense there would be a payload with each spider, and say 10,000 such spiders are deployed.

A Thought Experiment:

W3C – World Wide Web Consortium recommends new web spider/crawler specifications based on the Semantic Web (Web 2.0?). Through this recommendation W3C group recommends the following features:

  1. Individual Identification:
    All spiders may have simple identification attributes that identify it based on it’s ancestors. This will enable tracking the spider evolution path.
  2. Open Communication Standard:
    All spiders shall communicate over the new standardized inter-spider communication protocol. There shall not be any vendor specific additions to the protocol defined. However, the requests and responses set may be defined to enable one spider discovering another spider’s interfaces and the data structure for the interfaces’ parameters and return values.
  3. Life Span:
    All spiders will have a life span, this life span will indicate how long a particular instance of a spider will remain active over the internet. The life span may be effected by various environmental and relational parameters, these parameters will be adaptive also based on the spiders interactions with other spiders.
  4. Reproduction:
    A spider may decide to “get together” with another spider and reproduce, based on some evolutionary logic. The child of such a mating will be a creation of a new spider which will be given aspects of both it’s parents. Spiders will by design prefer to “cross”/”breed” with spiders who do not have any ancestor in common.
  5. Adaptive Decision Making:
    All decision making will be based on adaptive logic (adaptive fuzzy logic). The spider will have a set of decision making processes covering various aspects of the spiders’ operations. A certain subset of this set will adapt through interaction with other spiders, another subset will adapt based on the information it comes across, and lastly, another subset will adapt through reproduction. There may be overlap/intersections of the subsets.
  6. Information Indexing Standard:
    All information indexed by the spider will be done on the standard specified, for ease of information integration and sharing between spiders.
  7. Information Categorization Standard:
    All information categorization will be done on the standard specified, for ease of category integration and sharing between spiders.

Feel free to add any more specifications and/or additions/modifications the the standards recommended above.

I think it would be interesting to see something like this in action. Microsoft can build spiders on this standard, but if it adds proprietary features, the other spiders won’t reproduce with it. In a sense, this would alienate and marginalize the Microsoft spiders. If information wells (web sites) do not follow Semantic Web/Web 2.0 recommendations, or follow partial recommendations, or add proprietary features, then these information wells will become “less likely” to be indexed/categorized and even then, will be ranked almost near the bottom of any ranking.

Spiders will come together, build relationships, adapt and evolve. In a sense would perhaps display a sort of swarm intelligence. Which might eventually grow, given enough numbers, into a self-aware swarm, where the swarm will be able to take polls and have some form of democratic decision making ability.

The question that come to my mind are:

  • How big a swarm would we need to make it “self-aware”?
  • What kind of “intelligence” would this swarm have?
  • What kind of decision making capability would we be able to witness?
  • Would it (swarm or individual) be able to develop new – not designed – not implemented abilities?
  • Would it become aware of information beyond the information stored on the internet (web sites, web pages etc)?

DAK – 2007-10-03

since we are talking about an application…

all such features would have to be built into the application. for example the reproduction: spiders will reproduce with others based on some logic that is pre-programmed. even if it is a random number generator in use, still at some random time frame or after every n-th spider that it meets, it will want to reproduce. technically, even if it all seems random to us and since there are any number of spiders at a time, the logical progression of the spiders can still be calculated by feeding in the beginning status of all spiders and logical history of there progression through time.

What I mean is that unless programmed to do something, the application “spider” can not go out on its own and start doing something completely new. The spider can not choose anything in its entirety. It can not say… hmm… I’m no longer gonna be a spider, I’m gonna change myself into a static website for sports and will stop performing all those things that the programmers told me to do.

Even if it were mistake in programming which caused a spider to transform… its still limited to what it’s given as the instructions to follow. The randomness as described by the below characteristics may seen as a form of AI but it more of a controlled experiment.

If someone is trying to create AI and it happens to work by some fluke and he can never reproduce that same result… that might be something which sparks it off but you still have many issues and dependencies like the AI needing some place store itself and it’s “memory”. It can obviously somehow connect to some computation machine to perform the processing which is required, like a virus does on its host machine. But unlike a virus the AI would have the need to maintain a central repository of information, even if it is dispersed or distributed, there would be something like a master list to tell where everything else is. If it is unable to locate part of its “memory” then it would be unable to work properly.

I’m sure there are ways around these limitations, just haven’t thought too much about it yet.

DAK – 2007-10-03

Wow, that’s long..

SAK – 2007-10-03

Valid points there…

The spider won’t be able to do anything else besides the core programming.

As far as information storage is concerned, well there could be a cluster of individual sites to store information, so even if the spider can’t find something in its “memory” (the information storage site it was initially programmed with), it can find another site to store information on. It could also, instead of directly looking for the information storage site, pass the information to some other spider who will do the storage and retrieval. the memory limitation question could be solved by storing information in permanent memory somewhere on the information storage cluster, or on a tiny memory carried by the spider.

Evolution. Well the spiders could evolve, and perhaps a certain group of spiders could take on the role of information storage and retrieval, others could actually act as hunters and gatherers, while others still would take the time to organize, label and categorize the information, and others could act as navigational beacons. These “functions” would initially be programmed into all spiders, because it’s in the “specifications”, however, over time, certain decision making logic adaption, certain spiders might become “better” than the others at performing some specific task.

Another question. The spiders are programs or processes running on a machine, how would it actually travel over the network? Perhaps by making a duplicate of itself on another machine and deleting the original?

Reproduction. Well, it doesn’t have to be a random number generator, perhaps a time frame, for example, after collecting 100MB data, automatically the reproduction feature turns on. After which each spider it meets, it finds out if it’s also “come of age” and then shares some information based on 157 adaptive logic parameters for example, and if the result is suitable, request to mate, it is quite possible that the potential partner may refuse, because when it checks with it’s own 157 parameters, the result is not suitable. It might be that one has developed a better parameter set for searching, while the other has developed its own parameter set to make it better for categorizing information.

The key would be to look at the “swarm intelligence” as opposed to “individual intelligence”.

DAK – 2007-10-04

Travel for the spiders would probably be most effective as moving itself to another machine, while leaving breadcrumbs or beacons at every machine they have visited. If they were to copy themselves then it would be more of a virus. A copy would also create duplicates or clones. Those clones would have the same attributes as the spider did at that given point in time. They could have separate lives or experiences from that point on but still be similar to the originating spider. This could cause repetitive work or help increase the swamp as well.

Btw, I was actually saying the same thing, but in a different way, I was thinking and describing it in what actually happens when a file or program is moved.

This poses another question though. Thinking of this spider as a running process (program) on a machine, will all the bells and whistles, like memory allocation, priority, permission levels and restrictions, file handling etc.

I have two servers A and B, I placed the spider on A and want to see how it would get around all the security measures and restrictions on B, because B has been secured/hardened by my friend D. D has also placed a very powerful anti virus on the machine, along with a near impossible to break firewall. How will my innocent little spider not only move to B, but also become a running process on B.

Currently spiders don’t actually physically move between server and travel the internet while “crawling”, rather, they run on one single machine and request for a home page, for example, it parses all the HTML content in the file and identifies the links by looking for the anchor element <a></a>. Next it looks at the HTML resource attribute in the anchor and isolates the URL, it stores this information along with the text of the anchor in some data structure. Once it’s collected all the anchors from a page, it requests for each of these URLs and repeats the exercise for each page.

Here the spider is communicating with other servers using known and designed already public protocols and ports. This is actually quite different than trying to move a process to another machine, and getting it to run on the other machine.

This opens another Pandora’s box as far as security is concerned.

As for the swarm intelligence, I’d think that some of these spiders would have to be leaders of the swarm, maybe like a queen bee but on a multiplicative capacity. 1 queen spider per every certain number of worker spiders. The queens would communicate with other queens to create redundancy, fail over and consistency of objectives, goals, destinations. The queens would perform periodic replications with other queens to make sure they all know what is going on around the world with the rest of the swarm. Also queens could command worker spiders to help with some cause that another “team” or “troop” is working on. The greater good most be achieved, so if the worker spider with advanced snooping capability is needed on network Y then he is either cloned or must reproduce with another worker spider who has a mature function as well.

Also, reproduced spiders must be have all attributes of both contributing spiders. So that the experiences and advanced capabilities are now tied up into one single spider which should in turn be more sophisticated and better informed of what to perform.

This would of course cause for a multitude of spiders, each performing something and holding unique experiences and/or knowledge. Those which are reproduced being of a higher caliber, therefore every generation being of more “use” or “power” then previous generations. What would become of older generations? I think they should forced to combine at some point, making sure some new generation spider is able to perform all the work they were doing. Maybe when fewer spiders are able to perform their work more efficiently then the older generations are merged into a single spider with all attributes of those combined and converted into a queen spider, which shares itself with all other queens, hence increasing the over all knowledge base.

Here is what I had proposed in the form of an actual life cycle model.

  1. Spider is Born
  2. Spider spends time growing up (gathering experiences)
  3. Spider mates
  4. The mated spider pair creates offspring
  5. After n offspring the mated spider pair stops running and is deleted

Of course this is an extremely simplified version, though, this will act as a kind of population control for the spiders.

Also, to keep the queens ahead of the ball game, all newer or advanced features would propugate to the queens. So that they have a search function which is the combination of the search function of all other search functions. With this accumulation they would perform analysis to decide the best set of functions to retain and which to discard. That is then passed to all queens to maintain consistency.

I think we’ve created a new world now… what should it be called?

SAK – 2007-10-04

Lets leave the name for now.

Now we’re talking about hive mentality, you know, the Queen and it’s minions.

I think these are two different similar ways of behaving, the swarm and hive mentality.

DAK – 2008-10-04

well even with birds, there is a bird which leads the flock.

i believe that’s the reasoning they stated behind the formations made by bids.

also if the lead bird hits a glass, everyone else does as well. they will follow the leader of the flock.
the type of bird that flies alone, on solo missions, would be an eagle or falcon.

back to the spiders… if there are no queens then you would have a collection of spiders doing what they want and yet trying to achieve the greater good for all other spiders. a no management scenario would probably not work for the best for an AI system.

SAK – 2007-10-04

You are right in that part, there has to be a leader. However, my approach was different, that there will be a “collective intelligence” as opposed to “hierarchical intelligence”.

Ants have a queen, they have worker ants, soldier ants and nurse ants for ant ant hive. each has a specific aim, which is to serve the queen ant. However, each ant type has it’s role “genetically” defined, this is handled by the queen laying the different types of eggs. The worker ants for example, only know that their role is to go out and hunt for new food resources and bring them back. They do not know any thing else. However, take away the queen, and one of the ants will become the queen, so the “code” is there that says something like this:

if (Queen_Is_Dead) {
    Arbitrate myArbitration = new Arbitrate();

    if (myArbitration.Results.NewQueen == Self.Identity) {
        Evolve_Into_Queen = true;

But this is digressing….

There are different schools of thoughts. Make singular intelligence, or, make multiple less intelligence entities that can talk and share with each other.

Looking at out brain, we have some billions of neurons, they don’t fire away blindly without a central command, they actually work together, in groups that are specialized to do something or the other. for example, the visual cortex is designed (has evolved) to work with eyes and it’s function is very specific. The auditory section deals will only converting sound waves into meaningful (to the brain) information. these two work with the speech center, when we are reading. The speech center only deals with making us make sounds from our mouths.

Now the question is. What makes us self aware? what separates my brain from my mind. What is my mind? which part of the brain is my mind? Is consciousness, self awareness a manifestation of my mind?

There are a lot of questions around.

One more example, take grid computing, for example, SETI@Home, if you have small applications with very small foot print so it’s unobtrusive to the machine user. And each one implements say 1000 neuron based network, and you have say, 1 million such applications running. You end up with 1000 million neurons, these neurons come together based on the information on the individual computers’ user data on that machine and making connections with other neuron sets based on such information. What kind of self awareness would this network have?

DAK – 2007-10-04

well some form of pattern will have to be used, be it ants, bees, birds, the brain, etc… some sort of already existing system will either be mimicked or else make up something entirely new.

Thoughts on Social Networking Portals

How has the internet affected our social skills. Are we better at socializing now than before? Are we worse now? Does the ability to remain anonymous on the internet empower us to meet new people who we would never have met before? Does the online-electronic socializing experience hamper our one-to-one and one-to-many socializing abilities or skills? Does electronic socializing lead to one-on-one socializing? Is electronic socializing a means to and end, where the end is in-person socializing?

There are so many socializing platforms available on the internet. Starting from the most base all the way to the most professional. I have seen some platforms evolve over time. I remember there was a members site on msn at one time (it’s evolved to become the old url was, there was the profiles side of yahoo also; Yahoo also developed These have evolved, become more powerful, and at the same time also restrictive. The power comes from allowing their members to do much more on and with these platforms, however, with power comes responsibility, the responsibility to protect the members on that platform. It may be a good thing, or a disadvantage, totally subjective to who the member is.

There are totally professional social portals also, geared and targeting the same set of people with a different product, promising that there will be only a certain type of crowd available through them. Actually, it’s the same crowd but with a different face. The site that I am really fond of in this category is

There are a great many more such sites, I’ve just named a few, some more examples are,, and

Color of the Internet

There is a lot of work being done on Web 2.0 and Symantic Web and all sorts of “nifty” and “neat” techology to give the visitor a richer more fulfilling experience. There are lots of people who have done analysis of the Internet, to that affect and beyond.

My question is, what is the average color of the internet. I mean pixel-by-pixel average color of all the pages on the internet. Will we be able to find that out one day, without spending an insane time to compute the average.

Here’s some arithmatic for it.

Let there be an arbitrary rate of change in number of online pages dP

Let there be an computation time to calculate the average color of the page dT

If dT > dP then if the process is started now, after a certain period, we would not only cover the backlog, i.e. the pages created to date, but also all the backlog created after the process starts.

If dT = dP or dT < dP then we will never catch up to include the latest pages.

What kind of computing power would be neccessary to achieve such a goal?

Computation Driven Art

Sometimes while browsing the internet, I have come across sites that make me sit up and pay attention. These sites are portals, not in the true sense of web-portals, rather they are portals to a different way of looking at things, or doing things.

I am talking about

It is a web site dedicated to computation driven digital art. Not necessarily restricted to static forms of computer generated images.

It opened my mind to looking at everyday things in a totally different way. To simplify complex systems into many simple smaller systems interacting together, their interaction governed by simple basic rules.

Almost intelligent.

There are the three related sites.

  1. Levitated | the Exploration of Computation –
  2. Gallery of Computation –
  3. Processing web site –

I’ve not linked the Processing site, as it was giving me a timeout. Perhaps a network hiccup, or load on their server.

The basic crux of such portals to alternate thought streams is the empowering of people to better visualize information leading to better interpretation and decision making. However, the main purpose of these sites are to let people have fun while getting important work done.

We humans are creatures mainly driven by visual stimulii. We evolved that way, we were not born with language and the ability to express complex and non-tangible thoughts. We sill need that stimulation of our visual cortex. It makes understanding so much easier. We can absorb volumes of information in a very short time when we leverage our ability to grasp things, ideas, concepts through visualization.

State of the State

In this day and age of lightening fast communication, thanks to the internet, one would imagine that anything is possible and people use the internet to their advantage. Evaporating time and distance barriers. Doing business at the speed-of-light sort of thing.

But… Nooo!! We don’t believe in progress. Progress is the other name of the devil. If you use the internet you will go to hell mentality. If you use your dang’d mind and think beyond your tiny inconsequential self and be someone, is a mortal sin, punnishable with a lifetime of praise and prosperity. Nooo… we can’t have progress, it’s a tool of Satan’s minions, the white man who speaks with a forked tongue.

I hope no one noticed the sarcasam there.

What is it with us as a nation. We are such small minded people. We have a problem with the word “we”. My people don’t belive in the word in it’s full sense. For my people, we is me, my wife, my kids, and perhaps if other relatives if they treat me as a superior human being, they would have the privlidge to deserve inclusion in the we.

I can’t small minded people, people who can’t make a 1 year plan with the ever ready excuse, it can’t be done, or who’s going to do it, or do you know how difficult that it, or some other self-limiting reasoning.

Sometimes I feel that “we” as a nation is afraid of achieving greatness, we actually enjoy the slave role, we thrive in it, in self pity, in the delusion that “our hands are tied”, blaming someone else for not getting up and doing something about it.

For the smallest problem, we look outwards to other nations for help. We don’t sit down, make a plan, tighten our belts and sacrifice for a greater tomorrow.

This is insane. I’d probably get a whole lotta hate filled comments, but look around you. Take a good look, when you’re walking down the street, when you’re looking out the window, when you’re in the market. When you’re reading this, YOU are a small minority or a small percentage of this nation which we claim to love so much.

I don’t care who you are, we are all responsible for the future of our nation. We are responsible for a better tomorrow. If there is an idiot elected or assigned to any public office, it is our collective fault. And we have no right to complain about the situation of the nation and it’s economy because it happened on your watch. So please. spare me the the rightiousness and examples of all the good that someone else is doing. I’m not interested in the achievements of some one person.